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  • 🚀 What is Trending in AI Research?: SAM-Med2D + BELEBELE + MVDream + ComCLIP... What is Trending in AI Tools?

🚀 What is Trending in AI Research?: SAM-Med2D + BELEBELE + MVDream + ComCLIP... What is Trending in AI Tools?

This newsletter brings AI research news that is much more technical than most resources but still digestible and applicable

This paper addresses this question by introducing SAM-Med2D, a specialized version of SAM for 2D medical image segmentation. The authors collect and curate a large-scale dataset of approximately 4.6 million medical images and 19.7 million masks from various sources. They comprehensively fine-tune SAM on this dataset, modifying both the encoder and decoder architectures. Unique to their approach is the use of a variety of interactive prompts, including bounding boxes, points, and masks, rather than just bounding boxes or points. SAM-Med2D is rigorously evaluated, showing enhanced performance and generalization capabilities across multiple medical imaging modalities and anatomical structures when compared to the original SAM model.

This paper from Meta AI introduces "BELEBELE," a multiple-choice machine reading comprehension (MRC) dataset that spans 122 language variants. This dataset aims to significantly broaden the scope of natural language understanding benchmarks and includes questions based on the Flores-200 dataset. Designed to challenge even state-of-the-art models, the questions are geared to distinguish between varying levels of language comprehension. The research team use Belebele to evaluate both multilingual masked language models (MLMs) and large language models (LLMs), discovering that smaller MLMs pretrained on balanced multilingual data outperform large, English-centric LLMs in understanding multiple languages. Additionally, they find that better vocabulary construction significantly improves performance on low-resource languages. Overall, Belebele serves as a robust tool for analyzing the multilingual capabilities of NLP systems.

This paper introduces MVDream, a novel multi-view diffusion model designed to tackle this challenge. By integrating pre-trained image diffusion models with a multi-view dataset rendered from 3D assets, MVDream harmonizes the flexibility of 2D diffusion with the geometric consistency of 3D data. The model serves as a multi-view prior for generating 3D objects through Score Distillation Sampling, thereby enhancing the stability and solving the 3D consistency issues commonly faced by existing 2D-lifting methods. Furthermore, the model supports fine-tuning under few-shot settings for personalized 3D generation, retaining consistency even after adapting to specific subject identities.

This paper investigates this question by conducting experiments on the StarCoder platform, involving eight popular programming languages: Python, JavaScript, TypeScript, C, C++, Java, Go, and HTML. The research proposes that programming languages can indeed "boost" each other during the instruction fine-tuning phase of large language models. Remarkable findings include the CodeM-Python 15B model, trained solely on Python, enhancing Java performance by an absolute 17.95% in pass@1 on the HumanEval-X benchmark. Similarly, CodeM-HTML 7B, trained on HTML, improved Java performance by 15.24%.

The paper proposes a novel "training-free" approach called ComCLIP. This model addresses the issue by analyzing it from a causal perspective, identifying that incorrect semantics act as confounders that lead to matching failure. ComCLIP disentangles images into subjects, objects, and actions, and then uses CLIP's existing encoders to perform "evolving matching" on these components against text embeddings. By doing so, it reduces the spurious correlations often seen in pre-trained CLIP models. The paper reports that this plug-and-play approach significantly improves zero-shot inference capabilities across various datasets, without the need for additional training or fine-tuning.

What is Trending in AI Tools?

  • QLIP: Qlip AI effortlessly repurposes your long-form videos into enticing, ready-to-share moments. [Video]

  • Rizz: Rizz! puts world's most powerful AI model into your iPhone keyboard to let you generate a customized, creative response. [Productivity]

  • Hostinger AI Website Builder: The Hostinger AI Website Builder offers an intuitive interface combined with advanced AI capabilities designed for crafting websites for any purpose. [Startup and Web Development]

  • Adcreative AI: Boost your advertising and social media game with AdCreative.ai - the ultimate Artificial Intelligence solution. [Marketing and Sales]

  • Aragon AI: Get stunning professional headshots effortlessly with Aragon. [Photo and LinkedIn]

  • Sanebox: SaneBox's powerful AI automatically organizes your email for you. [Email]

  • Rask AI: a one-stop-shop localization tool that allows content creators and companies to translate their videos into 130+ languages quickly and efficiently. [Speech and Translation]

Editor’s Recommended AI Tool

Sanebox: SaneBox's powerful AI automatically organizes your email for you. SaneBox is an intelligent email management tool that revolutionizes how you handle your inbox with its advanced AI algorithms. [Email]