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  • 🔥 What is Trending in AI Research?: Radiology-Llama2 + ImageBind-LLM + RAIN + EvoDiff + Agents + What is Trending in AI Tools? ...

🔥 What is Trending in AI Research?: Radiology-Llama2 + ImageBind-LLM + RAIN + EvoDiff + Agents + What is Trending in AI Tools? ...

This newsletter brings AI research news that is much more technical than most resources but still digestible and applicable

Hey Folks!

This newsletter will discuss some cool AI research papers and AI tools. Happy learning!

🏷️ What is Trending in AI/ML Research? 

How can we harness advanced language models to improve the generation of clinically useful impressions in radiology? This paper introduces Radiology-Llama2, a specialized large language model that is fine-tuned on radiology reports for this purpose. Built on the Llama2 architecture, the model undergoes "instruction tuning" using a vast dataset of radiology findings. Its performance, measured using ROUGE metrics, outperforms other generative language models on the MIMIC-CXR and OpenI datasets. Radiology experts also affirm its effectiveness in various parameters such as understandability and clinical utility. The paper suggests that domain-specific models like Radiology-Llama2 can revolutionize fields like radiology by automating routine tasks and augmenting human expertise.

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What is the most effective way to train large language models (LLMs) to handle a diverse range of input modalities like images, audio, and video? This paper introduces ImageBind-LLM, a method for multi-modality instruction tuning in LLMs. Unlike existing approaches that focus only on language and image instruction tuning, ImageBind-LLM extends capabilities to other modalities like audio, 3D point clouds, and video. The method uses a learnable "bind network" to align the embedding space between a large language model architecture (LLaMA) and an image encoder, ImageBind. This alignment then gets incorporated into LLaMA's word tokens across all layers, using an attention-free and zero-initialized gating mechanism. During inference, a visual cache model further enhances cross-modal embeddings, effectively reducing discrepancies between training and inference modalities. This results in improved multi-modal instruction-following capabilities and language generation quality.

How can Large Language Models (LLMs) be aligned with human preferences without requiring additional data or the re-training step known as finetuning? The paper presents a novel method called Rewindable Auto-regressive INference (RAIN) for achieving this goal. Unlike traditional approaches that use reinforcement learning or instruction tuning for model fine-tuning, RAIN is designed to work with 'frozen,' pre-trained LLMs. It incorporates self-evaluation and rewind mechanisms to allow the model to assess and guide its own response generation, aiming for AI safety. A fixed-template prompt informs the model which human preferences to align with during self-evaluation, eliminating the need for altering the initial prompt. Experiments with GPT-4 and human evaluations show that RAIN substantially improves the model's safety metrics, raising the harmlessness rate from 82% to 97% and reducing the success rate of adversarial attacks from 94% to 19%, all without additional data or training.

AI Minds NewsletterNewsletter at the Intersection of Human Minds and AI

How can we expand the design space of proteins for in silico modeling beyond the limitations of current state-of-the-art models that focus on protein structures? This paper introduces EvoDiff, a general-purpose diffusion framework designed to address this issue. Unlike conventional models that are restricted to generating protein structures, EvoDiff utilizes evolutionary-scale data to enhance diffusion models, enabling the generation of protein sequences in a controllable manner. The framework produces high-fidelity, diverse, and structurally plausible proteins that also cover a broader functional space. Remarkably, EvoDiff can generate proteins with attributes like disordered regions, which are inaccessible to structure-based models, while still maintaining the ability to design functional structural motifs. EvoDiff promises to revolutionize protein engineering by facilitating a sequence-first design approach.

How can we democratize access to state-of-the-art language agent technologies and simultaneously make them extensible for research purposes? This paper introduces "Agents," an open-source library aimed at opening up the field of autonomous language agents to a broader, non-specialist audience. The library is designed to support key features like planning, memory, tool usage, multi-agent communication, and fine-grained symbolic control. One of its strengths is user-friendliness, allowing people with limited coding skills to build, customize, and deploy sophisticated language agents. Additionally, the modular architecture of "Agents" ensures that it is extensible, catering to the needs of researchers who wish to further innovate within this domain..

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🏷️ What is Trending in AI Tools? 

Hostinger AI Website Builder: The Hostinger AI Website Builder offers an intuitive interface combined with advanced AI capabilities designed for crafting websites for any purpose. [Startup and Web Development]

Adcreative AI: Boost your advertising and social media game with AdCreative.ai - the ultimate Artificial Intelligence solution. [Marketing and Sales]

Pixelicious: Pixelicious is an online image-to-pixel art converter.

Aragon AI: Get stunning professional headshots effortlessly with Aragon. [Photo and LinkedIn]

BestBanner: Revolutionizing blog-to-banner creation. [Marketing]

Parsio (OCR + AI chat): Automate your data extraction with an AI-powered document parser. [Productivity]

Sanebox: SaneBox's powerful AI automatically organizes your email for you. [Email]

Rask AI: a one-stop-shop localization tool that allows content creators and companies to translate their videos into 130+ languages quickly and efficiently. [Speech and Translation]

Notably: Discover insights from research data instantly with Notably's AI-powered platform. [Sales and Marketing]

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